Spider Orchid

Botanical Name: Brassia Orchid Species and Hybrids

Who can resist the spider orchid. From the tops of their spikey dorsal sepals to the narrow trailing sepals that can hang 10 in (25 cm) or more, their unusual flowers captivate even the casual orchid grower.

spider orchid, brassiaCaptivating flowers make Spider Orchids irresistible. Image by Denis Doukhan
spider orchid, brassia orchid

These plants are big, with sprawling flower spikes that require a bit of space. One flower spike can have as many as 20 spidery blooms at one time -- in spotted yellow, cream, brownish-red or green.

Many Brassia orchids available are hybrids, taking on new colors and forms. However, Brassias tend to transform anything they're bred with into a spectacular spider-like shape.

Most bloom in spring or summer, but some claim their Brassia orchids bloom in winter. I believe it varies with the species, growing conditions and sunlight intensity.

Wondering when to repot? After a couple years, the fir bark medium breaks down, holding too much moisture around the roots. It's a good idea to repot your orchid every 2 years to replace the medium. Use medium-grade fir bark to allow good drainage. Don't pack it down, keep it loose because these epiphytes also need some air around its roots. Never repot a plant while it is blooming, because repotting is stressful to a plant and it may drop its flowers. 

Green Thumb Tip

Spider orchids are epiphytes in the wild, growing on tree branches.

The "secret" to keeping beautiful Brassia orchids happy is to provide the bright filtered light and high humidity as in their native rainforest habitat.

Brassias grow from pseudobulbs and sometimes send up 2 flower spikes per bulb. The showy flowers last for several weeks and sometimes have a spicy fragrance.

What to do after the bloom. Brassia orchid plants need a rest for about 6-8 weeks. Provide lower light levels, slightly cooler temperatures (no cooler than 60°F/16°C), cut back on watering, and stop fertilizing. Don't skip this much-needed rest...it helps trigger future flowers.

spider orchids, brassia orchids

Spider Orchid Care Tips

spider orchid, brassia, brassia orchid

Origin: Central America

Height: Up to 24 in (60 cm)

Light: Bright indirect light while orchid is growing and blooming. After flowering is over, lower light levels.

Water: Water thoroughly and allow the medium to almost dry out between waterings. Never allow the medium to dry out completely or to stay soggy, which causes root rot. Brassia orchids need more water while budding and blooming.

Humidity: Moderate to high, preferably 60-70% relative humidity. Use a wet pebble tray or a cool-mist room humidifier, if needed.

Temperature: 60-65°F/16-18°C nights and 65-75°F/18-24°C days 

Soil: Medium-grade orchid fir bark

Fertilizer: Feed every 2 weeks with a 20-10-10 liquid fertilizer diluted by half while plant is growing and flowering. Stop feeding your orchid after it's finished blooming. You can start feeding it again when you see new growth begin.

Propagation: Division

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